A view of slavery from a south plantation owner

A Glimpse of the South before the Civil War We join Olmsted's account as he accompanies an overseer on a tour of a large, prosperous plantation in Mississippi: John Dukinfield, from Bristol was a slave trader and member of the Society of Merchant Venturers, an elite body of Bristol merchants involved in overseas trade.

Time on the Cross: Owners who lived on their plantations were required to take part in the local government of their island, and Dukinfield was a member of the colonial Assembly which ran Jamaica.

He had no chance of advancement unless he left the profession. The owner decided when slave children would go into the fields, usually between the ages of 10 and Defenders of slavery argued that the institution was divine, and that it brought Christianity to the heathen from across the ocean.

In going from one side of it to the other, we had twice crossed a deep gully, at the bottom of which was a thick covert of brushwood. Many people in the cities of North America, including New York, Charleston and Providence in Rhode Island on the east coast, employed enslaved Africans as domestic servants, sailors and construction workers.

These dealers would then sell the slaves once the ship had arrived there from Africa. Then with a volley of great oaths he struck her such a heartless blow, that she staggered backward, and was like to fall.

The tidewater aristocrats were the fortunate few who lived in stately plantation manors with hundreds of servants and slaves at their beck and call. Urban professionals such as lawyers were rare in the South.

I gave him rein and spur and we plunged into the bushes and scrambled fiercely up the steep acclivity. Whitney's inspiration was to construct an "engine" that mechanically separated seed from lint by turning a crank. Although Olmsted abhorred slavery, his accounts were objective and accepted by most Southern critics as accurate depictions of plantation life.

Plantations in the American South

Like in New England, women were completely excluded from the political process. Most plantation owners took an active part in the operations of the business. They were well laid on, at arm's length, but with no appearance of angry excitement on the part of the overseer.

Defenders of slavery noted that in the Bible, Abraham had slaves. A reason many did not make it to the colonies at all was disease and illness. A Southern Plantation from a contemporary illustration In the late 18th century the slaves of the South fueled an economic engine based on tobacco.

When James Hopkinson, owner of a plantation on Edisto Island, left South Carolina inhe left behind over fifty slaves,United States, Metropolitan museum.

Plantation Owners

Bythe South was exporting over one million tons of cotton annually to the hungry textile mills of England. Cotton was king in the South and its increased labor demands invigorated the institution of slavery. By the beginning of the Civil War over 3 million slaves tilled the South's soil.

Oct 04,  · Even if all slaveholders had been white, that would amount to only percent of whites in the country (or % of southern whites owning one or more slaves, however, around 30% for free blacks. Defenders of slavery argued that the sudden end to the slave economy would have had a profound and killing economic impact in the South where reliance on slave labor was the foundation of their economy.

An individual who owned a plantation was known as a planter.

Plantation economy

Historians of the antebellum South have generally defined "planter" most precisely as a person owning property (real estate) and 20 or more slaves. The wealthiest planters, such as the Virginia elite with plantations near the James River, owned more land and slaves than other farmers.

Tobacco was the major cash crop in the Upper. There were a number of Bristol plantation owners on the tiny island of Nevis, in the Caribbean.

The wealthy Pinney family was amongst them. The Bristol-based porcelain manufacturer Richard Champion retired to own a slave plantation in South Carolina, America, when he failed to gain a political position in Britain. Merchants also owned plantations.

A view of slavery from a south plantation owner
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History! | Plantation Owners of the South